Ocean

Bahoi project

The Bahoi project is aimed at reinforcing and creating new community-related, protected marine areas


Timefortheplanet_Logo-72x90Location > Indonesia – North Sulawesi – North Minahasa District – Villages of Bahoi, Talise, Lihunu, Serei, Kinabuhutan and Kahuku
Project duration > 3 years
Start date > December 2013
Planned completion date > November 2016
Beneficiaries > 9,000 residents of the villages of Bahoi, Talise, Lihunu, Serei, Kinabuhutan and Kahuku

Context

The province of North Sulawesi possesses some of the richest marine ecosystems in the world. The village of Bahoi, situated in the extreme north of Sulawesi, lives on the richness of its marine resources. Half the population of the village makes a living from fishing and the mangroves extend over nearly 10 hectares (30% of the total area). There are many coral reefs, which constitute one of the most important resources in the regional economy. Its biological richness means that the area is prized by tourists, particularly divers. It is therefore vital to ensure the proper management of the marine resources.

To this end, Bahoi, together with Lihunu and Talise, have developed Protected Marine Areas (PMA), managed by the community, with the support of a coral conservation programme and the government PNPM programme (national programme for community autonomy). The Bahoi PMA is currently the most successful, thanks to the support of the NGO YAPEKA between 2008 and 2012, which enabled the development of ecotourism activities. The PMAs at Lihunu and Talise have become considerably less effective due to a lack of external support following the end of the previous conservation programme and need to be restarted. The main threats to the health of the ecosystem at present are related to the excessive exploitation of resources. With regard to the mangroves, cutting for firewood is largely responsible for the destruction of the area. The last workshop held in Manado by the Wildlife Conservation Society revealed that 45% of the area’s coral reefs showed signs of deterioration. It should be noted that coastal erosion and sedimentation also have a negative impact on the environment, particularly the seagrass meadows.

 The project

In this context, the project proposes improving the protection of the ecosystems by reinforcing, extending and creating protected marine areas in North Sulawesi using a participatory approach with the local communities:

  • Improving the protection of mangroves and seagrass by replicating and revitalising the protected marine areas at Bahoi, Talise and Lihunu (80 hectares of mangroves and 115 hectares of seagrass).
  • Introducing participatory monitoring of marine ecosystems and training community management teams.
  • Extending the knowledge of local communities and involving local economic stakeholders and decision-makers to increase the level of regulation of the protected marine areas.

These protective measures will be introduced while taking account of the local socio-economic context and developing participatory approaches. This method will enable the gradual transfer of skills to the communities, enhancing the effectiveness and sustainability of the project. Finally, strengthening the ties with local decision-makers and economic stakeholders will unite people around the project and improve the resources and levels of regulation in the protected marine areas.

Operational partners

YAPEKA is an NGO formed in 2004, based in Bogor (Java) and specialising in the field of conservation and environmental education. Its goal is to develop green and sustainable activities using an environmental, economic and social approach. Within the framework of this project, Yapeka is working in partnership with a local Bahoi NGO (Celebio) and the University of Bogor (IPB). CELEBIO (Celebes Biodiversity) is an NGO based in Manado (North Sulawesi) which works in the field of conservation and natural resources. Celebio develops and implements activities in research, training, protection and community empowerment by developing and supporting long-term and sustainable activities.

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